Saffron properties

In this article, we want to introduce you to the properties of saffron. Saffron is a valuable herbal spice derived from the stigma of the saffron flower. Saffron flower is a perennial bulbous plant with the scientific name “Crocus Sativus”. “Crocus” in Greek means thread and string, which refers to the appearance of saffron flower stigmas. The name of saffron, which is called “Saffron” in English, comes from the word bile in Arabic meaning yellow. Saffron has many properties for skin, hair, menstruation and body health and is one of the most expensive agricultural products worldwide. This spice has been around for about a thousand years and has attracted many consumers. Saffron is a plant native to the barren, treeless areas of Greece and grew in that region before being propagated in Europe, Asia, and North America.

Saffron flower is a laborious agricultural product, which is why its price is increased. This plant has a three-pronged stigma in its center that is separated by hand, put in a sieve and its aroma and taste are enhanced by heat treatment. This plant is resistant to hot weather and currently Iran is the largest producer of saffron in the world. Regardless of the natural and special essential oil of saffron, this plant has many health benefits and this also makes it known as an expensive spice. What are the properties of saffron?

Properties of saffron to strengthen mental health

Stimulation of the mind and brain is one of the health effects of saffron. Various studies have shown that the stigmas of the plant, which is the original saffron, and its petals have similar effects on people’s mood and actually act as antidepressants, so the properties of saffron petals are unique. Safranal and crocin, two compounds found in saffron, such as dopamine, serotonin and neuropinorphin, regulate the neurons and are able to reduce mild to moderate depressive symptoms even without the use of conventional psychiatric medications. A two-month trial was performed on 40 depressed individuals in Iran. Some patients were randomly assigned to take 20 mg of the antidepressant drug Prozac daily, and the remaining 20 patients received 15 mg of saffron petals twice daily. Consumed times. The researchers concluded that saffron has similar effects to antidepressants. This substance affects the endocrine system and helps reduce stress and anxiety. From time immemorial, people have used saffron to calm the mind and improve restful sleep because of its calming properties. Saffron also enhances learning and memory.

Meanwhile, in Japan, saffron is packaged in capsules and used to treat forgetfulness and Parkinson’s. Crocin prevents mental health problems such as Alzheimer’s that occur with aging.

Prevention of macular degeneration or macular degeneration ocular disease

Macular degeneration, or macular degeneration, is a disease that leads to blindness in old age due to aging and the destruction of cells in a part of the eye called the macula. Crocin and cropping found in saffron prevent cell damage and delay the destruction of cells in the relevant part of the eye due to aging.

Properties of saffron for hair

Saffron prevents hair loss by strengthening the hair strands from root to tip. If you mix saffron with licorice milk, you can use this hair tonic to treat alopecia or baldness and hair loss, as well as stimulate faster hair growth. Saffron improves blood flow to the hair follicles, followed by more blood supply and more oxygen to the hair follicles.

Cheating on saffron

Keeping saffron

Specification of saffron plant

The nutritional value of saffron

Saffron is very valuable because of its special taste, smell and yellow color and is widely used in Iranian food and sweets (especially with rice), confectionery, food and pharmaceutical industries and other industries.

The table below shows the value of nutrients per 100 grams (food).

Nutrients per 100 grams (3.5 ounces)
Energy1,298 kJ (310 kcal)
Carbohydrates ۶۵٫۳۷ g
Fat۵٫۸۵ g
Saturated Fat۱٫۵۸۶ g
Unsaturated Fat۰٫۴۲۹ g
Unsaturated Fat۲٫۰۶۷ g
Protein۱۱٫۴۳ g
Water۱۱٫۹۰ g
Vitamin A۵۳۰ IU
Viamin B1 (thiamine)۰٫۱۱۵ mg (۹٪)
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)۰٫۲۶۷ mg (۱۸٪)
Vitamin B3 (niacin)۱٫۴۶۰ mg (۱۰٪)
Vitamin C۸۰٫۸ mg (۱۳۵٪)
Calcium۱۱۱ mg (۱۱٪)
Iron۱۱٫۱۰ mg (۸۹٪)
Magnesium۲۶۴ mg (۷۱٪)
Phosphorus۲۵۲ mg (۳۶٪)
Potassium۱۷۲۴ mg (۳۷٪)
Sodium۱۴۸ mg (۶٪)
Zinc۱٫۰۹ mg (۱۱٪)
Selenium۵٫۶ μg
Folic acid۹۳ μg
Vitamin B6 ۱٫۰۱۰ mg
Ash۵٫۴۵ g

Table of nutritional value of saffron

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Application of saffron in different countries

Saffron is used in the famous dishes of some nations of the world and has many uses.

In fact, famous foods have gained their fame due to the use of saffron.

For example, some of the foods of the nations of the world that saffron is used in their preparation are as follows:

– Consumption of saffron in Iran

In a variety of pilaf, yolk, halva, broth, grilled chicken, fish and muscle food.

– Consumption of saffron in Spain

In Paella Valencia food, which includes pilaf, meat, seafood and vegetables.

It is also eaten in Zarzuela Fish Stews, which is steamed fish, and Fabada Austriana.

– Consumption of saffron in France

The French also know saffron well and use it in a variety of foods.

It is eaten in Bouilla Baisse, a spicy fish dish.

– Consumption of saffron in Italy

In Risotto Risotto, which is rice cooked in broth with saffron, and in Cornish Saffron Cake

Consumption of saffron in the UK

In the famous Corn Wall cake.

Consumption of saffron among Uzbeks

In Wedding Pilaf, wedding pilaf.

Consumption of saffron among Moroccans

In Tajine food which includes meatballs and tomatoes.

And Mqualli, chicken cooked in citrus fruits, and Mrouzia, which includes mutton covered with tomatoes and almonds.

Consumption of saffron among Indians

Saffron is eaten in Biryanis, which is a food consisting of rice and spicy vegetables, as well as in sweets made with milk and in yogurt.

– Saffron in the Arabs

The Arabs prepare various foods from saffron as well as special tea.

Arabic coffee must contain saffron and cardamom.

The Indians also have a food called brioni, in which saffron is commonly used.

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How to have colorful saffron?

Until now, we always thought that saffron should be brewed with hot water to have the most color, but Iranian red gold has another method of brewing.

It is a completely different method, that is, with ice, which we will say is the best method in this section.

تهیه زعفران خوش رنگ

Instructions for brewing saffron with ice

The initial steps are just like brewing saffron with boiling water, which means that you must first grind and grind the saffron well.

Now you need a few ice cubes instead of hot water,

Pour small pieces of ice into the container in which you poured the saffron powder (the container should be glass).

یخ در زعفران

At this point you are done. Now let the ice melt at room temperature;

Exactly the same process that causes better and more complete coloring of saffron.

It is interesting to know that the experience of people who have used this method to brew saffron has proven that the method of brewing saffron with ice makes the brewed saffron brewed with the traditional method of boiling water both more fragrant and more colorful.

دم کردن زعفران با یخ

In addition, you can store this solution in a suitable and hygienic container in the freezer

And rest assured that its color will not change.

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