Saffron is cultivated in Iran in the following cities:
- Tart Heydariyeh, Zaveh (sudden Karizak village),
- Ghainat (in the villages of Bihood, Fondakht, Behnabad, Bidokht, Stand, Abiz, Spad, Ardakol),
- Sarayan and Birjand in South Khorasan Province
- Torbat-e Jam, Taybad, Bakhrez, Gonabad, Sabzevar, Shashtmad, Neishabour and Bajestan, Kashmar, Khalilabad and Kuhsorkh cities in Khorasan Razavi province.
- Fars Province (Natanz) Fars,
- Semnan (Shahroud),
- Ardabil and East Azarbaijan province
Saffron bulbs are grown and cultivated much better in cold regions with high rainfall than in the tropics, and one of the main reasons for distinguishing good saffron from poor saffron is the climatic conditions of the region. The colder the region, the higher the yield. And the quality of saffron goes up.
Due to its warm nature, saffron can largely withstand cold weather. Saffron onion continues to grow normally at a temperature of minus 40 degrees Celsius and fully maintains the freshness and vitality of the leaves.
Annually, about 250 tons of saffron are produced and cultivated all over the world, of which about 230 tons belong to Iran. This is while Iran with an annual production of more than 90
The percentage of saffron in the world is the first in terms of quantity and quality.
Greece with an annual production of about 6 tons, Morocco 4 tons, Kashmir 3 tons, Spain about 2 tons and Italy one ton after Iran are ranked second to sixth in the world in terms of saffron production,respectively.