Saffron properties

In this article, we want to introduce you to the properties of saffron. Saffron is a valuable herbal spice derived from the stigma of the saffron flower. Saffron flower is a perennial bulbous plant with the scientific name “Crocus Sativus”. “Crocus” in Greek means thread and string, which refers to the appearance of saffron flower stigmas. The name of saffron, which is called “Saffron” in English, comes from the word bile in Arabic meaning yellow. Saffron has many properties for skin, hair, menstruation and body health and is one of the most expensive agricultural products worldwide. This spice has been around for about a thousand years and has attracted many consumers. Saffron is a plant native to the barren, treeless areas of Greece and grew in that region before being propagated in Europe, Asia, and North America.

Saffron flower is a laborious agricultural product, which is why its price is increased. This plant has a three-pronged stigma in its center that is separated by hand, put in a sieve and its aroma and taste are enhanced by heat treatment. This plant is resistant to hot weather and currently Iran is the largest producer of saffron in the world. Regardless of the natural and special essential oil of saffron, this plant has many health benefits and this also makes it known as an expensive spice. What are the properties of saffron?

Properties of saffron to strengthen mental health

Stimulation of the mind and brain is one of the health effects of saffron. Various studies have shown that the stigmas of the plant, which is the original saffron, and its petals have similar effects on people’s mood and actually act as antidepressants, so the properties of saffron petals are unique. Safranal and crocin, two compounds found in saffron, such as dopamine, serotonin and neuropinorphin, regulate the neurons and are able to reduce mild to moderate depressive symptoms even without the use of conventional psychiatric medications. A two-month trial was performed on 40 depressed individuals in Iran. Some patients were randomly assigned to take 20 mg of the antidepressant drug Prozac daily, and the remaining 20 patients received 15 mg of saffron petals twice daily. Consumed times. The researchers concluded that saffron has similar effects to antidepressants. This substance affects the endocrine system and helps reduce stress and anxiety. From time immemorial, people have used saffron to calm the mind and improve restful sleep because of its calming properties. Saffron also enhances learning and memory.

Meanwhile, in Japan, saffron is packaged in capsules and used to treat forgetfulness and Parkinson’s. Crocin prevents mental health problems such as Alzheimer’s that occur with aging.

Prevention of macular degeneration or macular degeneration ocular disease

Macular degeneration, or macular degeneration, is a disease that leads to blindness in old age due to aging and the destruction of cells in a part of the eye called the macula. Crocin and cropping found in saffron prevent cell damage and delay the destruction of cells in the relevant part of the eye due to aging.

Properties of saffron for hair

Saffron prevents hair loss by strengthening the hair strands from root to tip. If you mix saffron with licorice milk, you can use this hair tonic to treat alopecia or baldness and hair loss, as well as stimulate faster hair growth. Saffron improves blood flow to the hair follicles, followed by more blood supply and more oxygen to the hair follicles.

Cheating on saffron

Keeping saffron

Specification of saffron plant

History of Saffron (2) (Breeding throughout history)

The wild species of saffron flower is probably Cartratianus saffron, which has its roots in Crete or Central Asia;

Thomas and Pallas are other possible sources.

Saffron is now a polyploid organism that is self-incompatible and has sterile male gametes.

This plant has ectopic meiosis and as a result is unable to reproduce independently.

If saffron is a mutant species of Cartratianus, it probably appeared in Crete in the late Bronze Age.

Humans may have bred them with taller stigmas by selecting them.

The saffron obtained in the Assyrian botanical source belongs to the 7th century BC, dates back to the Assyrian Banipal. It has been traded and used for 4 millennia and has been used to treat ninety types of diseases.

The saffron clone spread slowly to most parts of Eurasia, and later reached parts of North Africa, North America, and Oceania.

Some scholars consider the origin and historical place of saffron to be Iran, and some, such as Professor Mohammad Yousingfing, believe that its original place was in Kashmir, India, and from there it was taken to ancient Iran and Greece. But according to Master Brackriti Gubata, saffron first entered Indian Kashmir in the Persian Empire around 500 BC. However, during the Mongol Empire, large quantities of saffron were cultivated in Kashmir from Iran to Kashmir and the Bambur Karwa region in the east of Srinagar.

Iran now has the largest amount of saffron production, which produces about 90% of the annual crop.

History of saffron (1)

(History of the word saffron)

History of Zarparan (its Arabic: “saffron”, in ancient Persian: Zar + feather + an = flower whose feathers are like gold).

Its use by humans is more than 3,500 years old.

It is a spice obtained from the dried stigma of Zarparan flower.

It has historically been one of the most expensive materials in the world.

And is used as a spice, dye, perfume and medicine. It is native to Southwest Asia.

And then it was cultivated for the first time in Greece.

Trade and use of this plant For more than three thousand years, saffron has become a spice, perfume, colorant and key medicine.

This plant, as one of the most expensive species by weight, includes stigmas that grow out of expanded saffron flowers.

The bitter taste of the dried “strings” and the aroma of alfalfa like them make them recognizable.

The plant is unknown in the wild; It is probably a car and a decorative saffron that has its roots in Crete or Central Asia.

Saffron belongs to Southwest Asia and was originally cultivated in a region of present-day Greece.

At present, Iran is the largest producer of goldsmiths in the world. About nine tenths of goldsmiths in the world are produced in Iran.

This product has also been successfully grown in Saffron Walden, UK.

A stigma of dried saffron is about 20 mm.

The saffron flowers, shown with small red stigmas, are collected by two women in a separate mural, found in acrotire excavations on the Aegean island of Sadurini.

History of Saffron (3) (Minoans and Greco-Romans)

Saffron played an important role in the Greco-Roman period, dating back to the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD.

The image of saffron in pre-Greek culture is much older and dates back to the Bronze Age.

The frescoes of the palace of Conosus show saffron cultivation in the Minoan Cretaceous; In this picture, saffron flowers were picked by young girls and monkeys. Saffron played an important role in the Greco-Roman period, which is related to the distance between the 8th century BC and the 3rd century BC.

The first image of saffron in pre-Greek culture is much older and dates back to the Bronze Age.

One of these paintings is in the Exetes 3 building in Acrotiri, on the Aegean island of Santorini – known to the ancient Greeks as “Terra”.

These paintings date back to 1600 to 1500 BC, but various dates have been reported so far: 3000 to 1100 BC or 17th century BC.

The wall of the palace of Conosus in the Minoan court shows the cultivation of saffron, in which saffron flowers are arranged by young girls and monkeys.

They represent a Minoan goddess who oversees the picking of flowers and the removal of stigmas for therapeutic purposes.

In one image, a woman uses saffron to heal her injured leg.

“Terry” shows the first accurate image of the use of saffron as a medicinal plant.

This saffron growing area was finally destroyed in an earthquake and volcanic eruption between 1645 and 1500 BC.

The volcano covered the ruins and helped preserve the paintings of the plants.

One of these paintings is located in the Exet 3 building in Acrotiri, on the Aegean island of Santorini – known to the ancient Greeks as “Terra”.

These paintings date back to 1600 to 1500 BC, but various dates have been stated so far: 3000 to 1100 BC 17th century BC.

They represent a Minoan goddess who oversees the picking of flowers and the removal of stigmas for therapeutic purposes.

In one image, a woman uses saffron to heal her injured leg.

“Terry” shows the first accurate image of the use of saffron as a medicinal plant.

The saffron growing area was finally destroyed by a severe earthquake and volcanic eruption between 1645 and 1500 BC.

Volcanic ash covered the ruins and helped preserve the paintings of the plants.

This misrepresentation of a mural in Konosus, Crete, shows a man who must have been a monkey collecting saffron.

History of Saffron (4) (Middle East and Iran)

Today, saffron pigments are found in prehistoric paintings created 50,000 years ago in caves in present-day Iraq, northwest of the Persian Empire, depicting animals.

The Sumerians used saffron as the main ingredient in medicines and magic potions.

The Sumerians did not cultivate saffron.

They collected saffron from wild flowers.

They believed that divine power alone could provide the medicinal properties of saffron.

Evidence shows that before the saffron cultivation in the palace of Minoan Crete, which peaked in the second millennium BC, saffron trade was common.

3000 years ago, in the Hebrew language, saffron was praised as a fragrant spice.

In ancient Iran, in the 10th century BC, saffron was cultivated in the cities of Darband (Russia) and Isfahan.

The strings of Iranian saffron are mixed with royal carpets and shrouds of the dead.

In ancient Iran, worshipers used saffron as an offering to God, and as a bright yellow color, perfume, and medicine.

Therefore, saffron noodles were spread throughout the dormitory and mixed with hot tea to treat soda.

In fact, the foreigners suspected that the Iranians’ use of saffron strings in tea and food was addictive and sexually arousing.

These fears increased and caused tourists and travelers to avoid eating foods containing saffron in Iran.

In addition, an aqueous solution of Iranian saffron with sandalwood was used to wash the body after hard work and under the scorching Iranian sun.

For years, Iranian saffron was widely used by Alexander and his army.

They mixed saffron with tea and ate saffron rice.

Alexander personally, following Cyrus the Great, used saffron for bathing.

Like Cyrus, he believed that saffron healed wounds, and as a result, his faith in saffron increased.

She even offered saffron baths to her men.

The Greek soldiers continued to use saffron for many years after returning to Macedonia, seeing the therapeutic benefits.

Saffron cultivation had reached present-day Turkey, where they concentrated saffron cultivation north of Safranbolu.

This place is still famous for its annual saffron cultivation festivals.

History of Saffron (5) (East and South Asia)

There are various conflicting reports describing the first emergence of saffron in East and South Asia and India.

The first historical reports are related to Persian records.

Many studies show that saffron, along with other spices, was first spread by Iranian rulers in India to fill newly established gardens and parks.

They did this by planting saffron throughout the Persian Empire.

Then, in the 6th century BC, the Phoenicians began to sell Kashmiri saffron through extensive trade routes.

Kashmiri saffron was used to treat soda and fabric dyes.

On the other hand, a traditional Kashmiri legend states that saffron first arrived in the 11th and 12th centuries AD.

When two foreign Sufi ascetics, Khajeh Massoud Wali and Sharifuddin, arrived in Kashmir.

The Sufis fell ill, and sought help from the chief of the tribe to cure their illness.

After recovering, they gave him a glass of saffron to thank the chief of the tribe.

To this day, offerings are made annually in honor of the two holy men, at the beginning of the saffron growing season in late autumn.

In the Indian village of Pampura, a dome-shaped tomb with a golden dome has been erected for the two Sufis.

However, Kashmiri poet Mohammad Yusuf Tang denies this.

He says the Kashmiris have had saffron killed for more than two millennia.

In fact, these ancient shipments are mentioned in Kashmiri Tantric Hindu images.

Ancient Chinese Buddhist accounts cite other cases of saffron arriving in India.

According to legend, an Indian Buddhist missionary named “Median” was sent to Kashmir in the 5th century BC.

Arriving in Kashmir, he observed the first harvest of saffron.

Since then, the use of saffron has spread to the Indian subcontinent.

In addition to being used in food, saffron was soaked in water and used to dye fabrics.

The love for this fabric led shortly after the death of Gautama Buddha, the monks accompanying him to introduce the color saffron as the official color of Buddhist clothing.

Some historians believe that saffron entered China through the Mongol invaders and through Iran.

Saffron is mentioned in ancient Chinese medical texts, including the medicinal book The Great Plant, which dates back to 1600 BC (and is attributed to the Shang dynasty), and contains thousands of treatments for a variety of ailments. The plant is mentioned.

Until the third century AD, there are indications that Kashmiri saffron in China.

“Saffron is native to Kashmir, where people originally cultivate it for donation to the Buddha,” wrote Chinese medical researcher Wan Zan.

Van points out what common uses of saffron were at the time: “Saffron flowers wither after a few days and then saffron is produced.

Its value depends on its solid yellow color. “It can be used in wine.”

In the modern era, saffron cultivation has reached Afghanistan, thanks to the efforts of the European Union and Britain.

They are trying to promote saffron cultivation among poor Afghan farmers instead of profitable and illegal opium cultivation.

Due to the hot and semi-arid climate of Afghanistan, they emphasize that this place is suitable for growing saffron.

Every twelve years, the statue of Gumataria is bathed in saffron by thousands of disciples.

The nutritional value of saffron

Saffron is very valuable because of its special taste, smell and yellow color and is widely used in Iranian food and sweets (especially with rice), confectionery, food and pharmaceutical industries and other industries.

The table below shows the value of nutrients per 100 grams (food).

Nutrients per 100 grams (3.5 ounces)
Energy1,298 kJ (310 kcal)
Carbohydrates ۶۵٫۳۷ g
Fat۵٫۸۵ g
Saturated Fat۱٫۵۸۶ g
Unsaturated Fat۰٫۴۲۹ g
Unsaturated Fat۲٫۰۶۷ g
Protein۱۱٫۴۳ g
Water۱۱٫۹۰ g
Vitamin A۵۳۰ IU
Viamin B1 (thiamine)۰٫۱۱۵ mg (۹٪)
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)۰٫۲۶۷ mg (۱۸٪)
Vitamin B3 (niacin)۱٫۴۶۰ mg (۱۰٪)
Vitamin C۸۰٫۸ mg (۱۳۵٪)
Calcium۱۱۱ mg (۱۱٪)
Iron۱۱٫۱۰ mg (۸۹٪)
Magnesium۲۶۴ mg (۷۱٪)
Phosphorus۲۵۲ mg (۳۶٪)
Potassium۱۷۲۴ mg (۳۷٪)
Sodium۱۴۸ mg (۶٪)
Zinc۱٫۰۹ mg (۱۱٪)
Selenium۵٫۶ μg
Folic acid۹۳ μg
Vitamin B6 ۱٫۰۱۰ mg
Ash۵٫۴۵ g

Table of nutritional value of saffron

مطالب مرتبط با ارزش غذایی زعفران: