Shipping documents: The bill of lading is a document such as a contract of carriage, a receipt for the goods and a document of its ownership, as well as a document that is used at the time of the accident to support the claim for damages from the insurance company.
The bill of lading must include the following details:mDescription of goods – Trademarks or trade numbers – Name of the carrier ship – Mention of a phrase indicating the presence of goods on the ship – Ports of loading and unloading – Name of the shipper – Name of the consignee – Name and address of the person to whom the goods are notified Receipt is the shipping cost paid or payable at the destination – number of copies of the bill of lading issued in the original – date of issue.
Declaration of goods: The beneficiaries prepare and mention the customs method that should be applied to the goods on a sheet designated by the customs, as well as specify the specifications that are required by the customs to implement that method.
Declaration of arrival or departure: The person in charge of the means of transport or his representative, when entering or leaving the means of transport, must provide the necessary information related to the means of transport, travel route, cargo, luggage and supplies, staff and passengers in the declaration. To submit to customs.
Customs declaration: It is a “declaration of origin” certified by a competent authority
Declaration of Origin: Information on the origin of manufactured goods, which when issued by the manufacturer, supplier, exporter or any person approved in the invoice or any other document related to the goods.
Customs transit: Each goods is transported from another customs office according to the customs method, under the supervision of customs. The method in question is called customs transit.
Bill of lading: In international shipping terms, the bill of lading is “Bill O Land Ying” and on the road and airplane is “C. M. They read. A bill of lading is a document for the transportation of a unit or a batch of goods issued as a consignee at the destination by the shipping company at the place of loading the goods.
The bill of lading contains the physical characteristics of the goods, such as the number of packages, their number and mark, the weight with the container and sometimes the net weight or the quantity and type of goods according to what the sender has stated. And receives quotes.
Barning: When unloading the goods from the vehicles, the officers gradually note the details of the goods and later adapt them to the bill of lading and the manifest.
Manifest: When a ship or a train or a group of trucks has more than one bill of lading, a list of their products is prepared, which includes details of cargo-related schedules. Its equivalent in Persian is called “total goods list”. This is the whole list, when the commercial cargo to the destination customs Arrives supplied.
Cargo manifest (load): A list of goods constituting cargo that are transported in a means of transport or in a unit of transport. This list contains commercial specifications related to the goods, such as: numbers of shipping documents, name of the exporter and recipient of the goods, mark and number, number and type of packaging, quantity and description of the goods.
Proforma: A document issued by the seller from the origin as a sale offer, stating the terms of sale. This document must be approved by the relevant supply and distribution center before selling the goods. Proforma is also called a pre-invoice.
Transshipment: is the customs method by which goods under customs supervision are transferred from an inbound means of transport to an outbound means of transport (export) within the scope of a customs office where that office is also a customs office for entry and exit. , will be transferred.
Trade Inventory: An invoice according to which the cost of goods for the buyer is calculated. The list should contain the following:
Date – Name and address of buyer and seller – Order or contract number – Amount and description of goods – Unit price – Description of any agreed additional costs not included in the unit price – Total value of goods – Weight of goods – Number of packages – Signs and Shipping Numbers – Delivery and Payment Terms.
Certificate of Origin: The Certificate of Origin is prepared and approved by the exporter of goods and his representative. This declaration indicates the origin of the goods. According to the laws of some countries, this document has a special form with the approval of an independent administrative organization such as the relevant Chamber of Commerce. Must be issued.
Insurance certificate: It is a document that must be issued or signed by the insurance company or its representative or by the underwriters. Also, the date of the document must be before or at the same time as the date of shipment. The amount of the insurance must be at least equal to the value of the safe.
Cabotage: A procedure in which domestic goods are transported from one border customs (port) to another border customs in the customs territory by sea or border river. Also, goods that are transported from one point to another through the territory of the country in terms of proximity to the road or commercial economy, are also subject to cabotage regulations, and in these cases, whenever cabotage goods are transported by domestic vehicles, the vehicle is also subject to formalities. It will be a cabotage product. Cabotage requires customs formalities and has two types of declarations, one when the goods leave the port or border and the other when entering the customs of the border or port.
Karneh Tir: It is an international document for the transit of goods. Kadham will not be among the countries along the way.
Carnet ATA: A.T.A is an international document for temporary importation of goods. If the organization, company or individual sends goods as a sample to the customer in the destination country or the goods are temporarily imported for display in the destination country, by presenting this document, the goods will not be subject to customs formalities related to temporary entry.
Abandoned goods: Goods that have expired legally in a private warehouse or customs premises and have not been cleared.
Loader: It is an indoor area where one or more sides do not have a wall and the goods are kept there in order to be protected from snow, rain and regular sunlight.
Customs Tariffs: It is a table in which all goods are classified and certain columns, chapter number, relevant row of goods and sources of customs duties are determined.